CBRS is 150 MHz of spectrum – ranging from 3550 – 3700 MHz – in the 3.5 GHz band. Used by the U.S government and other entities.
In April 2015, the FCC established Citizen Broadband Radio Service (CBRS) for shared commercial use of that band. Some of this spectrum will continue to be used by the United States government for radar systems, but will be available for others where not needed by the Navy.
When operating in shared spectrum, users with different levels of priority have access to the band, there are 3 tiers of users in CBRS:
– Tier 1 (higher priority): Naval aircraft carriers, Fixed Satellite Stations, GWBL/GWPZ
– Tier 2: Priority Access Licensee (PAL)
– Tier 3: General Authorized Access (GAA)

Higher priority users must be protected from interference by lower-priority users.

The FCC’s Part 96 regulations govern commercial use of the CBRS band. The Wireless Innovation Forum (WInnForum) is an international group of stakeholders who have developed the standards used in the CBRS band.

SAS – Spectrum Access System:

A system that authorizes and manages use of spectrum for the Citizens Broadband Radio Service.
SAS determines the available frequencies at a given geographic location for CBSDs and communicate that information to the SAS manager.
1- Determine the maximum transmission power level for CBSDs at a given location and communicate that information to the SAS manager.
2- Register and authenticate the identification information and location of CBSDs.
3- Ensure secure and reliable transmission of information between the SAS and Domain-Proxy

3.5 GHz CBRS band is dubbed the Innovation Band by the FCC due to the unique sharing concept used in CBRS and can be applied to many other bands in the future. The main difference between CBRS and current other bands is the application of three tiers of spectrum-use rights, which are managed by the SAS and ESC. This band also provides up to 150 MHz for use by several different types of applications through a hybrid licensing scheme that allows a mix of licensed and lightly licensed operation.

Telrad’s portfolio of products including the following components which are specifically designed to provide a complete CBRS solution.

CPE8000 is in the final testing stages.

CPE12000 is part 96 certified and is undergoing testings

Telrad performed full IOT tests with the following Spectrum Access Systems (SAS) vendors:

Federated Wireless



  1. Make a decision whether for your business case you will require a PAL license or GAA.
  2. Perform a spectrum availability analysis for your target area of deployment.
  3. Select a Spectrum Access System (SAS). Telrad performed full IOT tests with the following SAS vendors:
    • Commscope
    • Federated Wireless
    • Google
  4. From your selected SAS vendor you should receive:
    1. the value of “UR-ID”
    2. access to the SAS portal
  5. You will need to qualify a Certified Professional Installer (CPI) to approve your CBSD installation
    • The SAS vendor should provide the following information:
      • CPI digital certificate (usually file extension p12 or private certificate)
      • CPI digital certificate password
      • CPI-ID (CPIR-ID)
      • CPI-Name (optional)
  6. SAS Client digital certificate
  7. SAS Server digital certificate
  8. Install BreezeVIEW including Domain-Proxy functionality: BreezeVIEW v7. and upper.
  9. A CBRS compliant base stations along with certified Customer Premises Equipment (CPE) SW versions:

Telad CBRS Compliant products:

Base Station: BreezeCOMPACT 1000

CPE: 8000, 8100, 9000 and 12000

10. For each CBSD (eNB carrier or CPE) you should prepare its installation parameters:

Mandatory Installation Parameters:

  • Antenna Geographical location (GPS coordinates)
  • CBSD category (All Telrad CBSD are category B)
  • Antenna Azimuth.
  • Antenna Downtilt.
  • Antenna Gain (base on Telrad equipment)
  • Antenna Beamwidth (base on Telrad equipment)
  • Antenna Height-type (AGL or AMSL)
  • Antenna Height (in meters)

Optional Installation Parameters:

  •  Antenna number of Tx Ports
  •  Antenna horizontal-accuracy
  •  Antenna vertical-accuracy
  •  Antenna Model
  • Antenna cable lost

11.  For each CBSD (eNB carrier or CPE) you should prepare its radio parameters:

  1. Relinquish all the CBSDs  
  2. Configure the following:
    • URL used to access the SAS server
    • UR-ID (CBSD User ID used for registering to SAS), provided by the SAS vendor.
  3. Activate a Grant Request for all the CBSDs.


  1. The value of “UR-ID”
  2. Access to the SAS portal


CBSD – Citizens Broadband Radio Service Device:
Fixed Stations, or networks of such stations, that operate on a Priority Access or General Authorized Access basis in the Citizens Broadband Radio Service consistent with this rule part.

Telrad’s solution, CBSDs are eNBs and UEs.
A CBDS shall operate at or below the maximum power level and frequencies as authorized by the SAS.

A CBSD shall be registered by SAS to be able to make requests for Spectrum Grants (service transmission).
As part of the CBSD Registration procedure, Domain-Proxy provides the SAS with its device specific information, like device type, serial no, FCC ID, etc. as well as its installation information like location, height, deployment type, etc.
The SAS validates the CBSD authenticity and registration information to verify the correctness of the data provided by the Domain-Proxy and whether the CBSD is blacklisted and has to be denied service.

CBSD Grant
The Grant procedure is used for a Registered CBSD to request access for the spectrum managed by the SAS.
This procedure can only be performed after a successful registration of the CBSD with the SAS.
The Grant Request should include:
1- The CBSD frequency range it wishes to operate upon.
2- The desired maximum TX power.
On successful operation, SAS sends a successful Grant Response with information on the duration of the Grant validity and allowed peak transmit power, an the Heartbeat Duration.

CBSD Heartbeat
The Heartbeat procedure is used to maintain the validity of the CBSD assigned Grants with the SAS.
Heartbeat request informs SAS that the CBSD still using the allocated spectrum, and allows SAS to suspend or terminate the grant.
The SAS uses the HB Response message to inform a state change, such:
– Grant Expiry time
– Transmit Time
– Grant Status: Termination or Suspension.

CBSD Deregister
Deregistration Procedure is used by the BreezeVIEW to deregister a CBSD from the SAS.

CBSD Relinquish
The Spectrum Relinquishment procedure used by the Domain-Proxy to relinquish an assigned/active Grant for a CBSD. The Domain-Proxy sends the Relinquishment Request message to the SAS to inform the SAS that the CBSD no longer requires use of the frequency segment assigned in the Grant.
BreezeVIEW Domain-Proxy may initiate this request for the following state transitions:
1- CBSD is no longer reachable/managed.
2- CBSD is no longer going to transmit on the frequency segment assigned in the Grant.
3- SAS has instructed to vacate the frequency segment assigned in the Grant.
4- Switching CBSD to a different operating frequency

To learn which spectrum is available at its location, a registered CBSD can send a spectrum inquiry request to the SAS

The SAS will respond with:

  • Detailed information about which frequencies are available for the CBSD to use.
  • Additional information which might be useful to the CBSD when it’s selecting a frequency range to transmit on.

Note: The word “channel” is frequently used to describe a 10 MHz segment of the CBRS band.

A channel is marked as unavailable to the CBSD if the SAS is unable to authorize any transmissions on that channel at the CBSD’s location. For example, the SAS is not allowed to authorize transmissions inside of exclusion zones. Otherwise, the SAS indicates that the channel is available for use.

Note: In order to meet operational security requirements from the DoD, Google’s SAS does not indicate which channels are currently affected by Naval operations.

If the spectrum inquiry request was malformed, the SAS will reject the request. Examples of malformed requests include having an invalid frequency range or an invalid CBSD ID.

Most high-priority users operate continuously at a well-known location. However, Naval radar operations can happen at different places and different times.

In order to maximize the amount of spectrum available for commercial use, the SAS uses specialized sensors (ESCs) to detect when and where the Navy is using the band. When they use the band, the SAS must adjust the operation of the CBSDs under its control to ensure that they do not disrupt the Navy’s operations.

In particular, when the SAS learns that incumbent activity has been detected in a Dynamic Protected Area (DPA), it activates protections for that DPA. When a DPA is activated, all grants that cause too much interference to Navy operations are suspended.

The SAS uses a DPA move list to keep track of which grants must be suspended during incumbent activity. As the following table shows, the grant only needs to be suspended if it’s on the move list and incumbent activity is detected.

 Grant is on the move list Grant is not on the move list
DPA is active SuspendedNot suspended
DPA is not activeNot suspendedNot suspended

When a grant is added to a move list

Each night the SAS recalculates which grants must be suspended during incumbent activity and updates its DPA move lists.

It does this by ranking all grants on the corresponding channel according to the interference they would cause to the DPA. It removes as many low-interference grants as possible from the move list, but must add the remaining higher-interference grants to the move list. This means that a grant’s membership on the move list is determined both by its own characteristics and by the characteristics of other nearby grants.

During the day, all new grants which may impact the DPA must be added to the move list. A grant is considered to potentially impact a DPA if it is in that DPA’s neighborhood. As a general rule of thumb, neighborhoods have the following approximate sizes:

  • Category A CBSD: 150 km
  • Category B CBSD:
    • West coast: 150-200 km
    • East coast: 300-400 km
    • Gulf coast: 300-400 km

FCC Part 96 rules require that applicable CBRS Devices (CBSDs) be professionally installed. A Certified Professional Installer (CPI) may physically install the CBSD her/himself or may take the responsibility for accuracy of the data entered into the CBSD by another installer. All Category B CBSDs require CPI.

SAS Vendors provide access to their Web Portal (GUI) instance, the operator should use it for CBSDs provisioning.

Certified Professional Installers (CPI) uses their digital credentials to sign installation parameters for all CBSDs devices (mandatory for Category B CBSD registrations).

You should get the following information from the SAS vendor:

  • CPI digital certificate (usually file extension p12 or private certificate)
  • CPI digital certificate password
  • CPI-Name (optional)

Serves as SAS managing intermediary such that the SAS communicates directly with the Domain-Proxy rather than with each individual CBSD.
BreezeVIEW acts as a Domain-Proxy and supports the following main functions:
1- Accept a set of one or more available channels and select channels for use by specific CBSDs, and configure the CBSDs respectively.
2- Receive confirmation of channel assignment from SAS, manage CBSDs registration and authorization with the SAS
3- Perform bidirectional bulk CBSD registration and directive processing.

Telrad’s NMS: BreezeVIEW supports the Domain Proxy capabilities.

BreezeVIEW acts as a Domain-Proxy between SAS and the Devices (eNBs, UEs).
It communicates with the SAS, accepts instructions such a grant confirmation or denial for requested spectrum, and configure the CBSDs (eNBs, UEs) respectively.

The Domain-Proxy maintains a state machine algorithm per CBSD, and provides information about the CBSD state and statuses. CBSD state may be affected by variant causes, such SAS instructions, CBSD HW state, connectivity’s state and others.

The Domain-Proxy automatically configures eNB and UE devices following SAS instructions, user configuration, and the state machine algorithm.
For example, when receiving a Grant for eNB CBSD, SAS manager shall configure the Central Frequency, Max TX power and activate Start Transmission operation, or alternatively, stops eNB transmission if Grant is rejected.

BreezeVIEW v7. and higher

On “Single Step registration” procedure, you would initiate CBSDs installation parameters via BreezeVIEW CBSD screens; and the CPI signature via BreezeVIEW CLI.

while in “Two Steps registration” procedure, these configuration initiated via the SAS Vendor portal.

>>>Using single step registration later migration to a different SAS vendor will become easy task.

By definition, PAL is licensed and is afforded interference protection from GAA. PAL licenses will be purchased at auction. There will be up to 70 MHz of PAL spectrum available in any area, which can be chosen from 100 MHz of the CBRS band (3550–3650 MHz).

Many refer to GAA tier users as unlicensed users. However, although GAA users do not require a license, they must meet the FCC’s technical, financial, character, and citizenship qualifications to be eligible as a GAA user. Use cases may differ slightly between PAL and GAA.

The FCC plans to hold the auction of Priority Access Licenses in the 3.5 GHz Citizens Broadband Radio Service on June 25, 2020. Until the PAL channels are auctioned off, full 150 MHz of the band can be used as GAA.

The Environmental Sensing Capability (ESC) is a network of sensors used to detect federal frequency use in the 3550–3650 MHz band in protection zones where U.S. Navy radar systems can operate, primarily along the Pacific, Atlantic, and Gulf coasts. The ESC informs the SAS of radar operation and the SAS reacts to ensure there is no interference between CBRS and radar operations.

Under CBRS split-mode is not legitimate topology. Each frequency should have a different PCI. In order to setup split mode under CBRS required to change the topology to Dual Carriers.

CBRS and cell lock are compatible between them. If BV detect that CPE is working in a channel that was not the granted, it cancel the current grant and ask the grant for the channel that the CPE is using.

This is dynamically performed by BV, to adapt and allow the CPE to move. However please note that each Grant request can be Granted by SAS indemnity, after a maximum of 24 hours or never. 

 CPE 9000 : Unlock Specific Cell Time, My general advice is good to configure (example 20 minutes) because it work as catch all mechanism.  However it was a bug (which is in the process to be fixed), so please leave for later or check carefully.

CBRS BV module (by default) not changes cell lock and frequency scan in the CPEs, and see the next answer.

In CPE 9000, yes when the software is upgraded for a CBRS:  it enable only band 48 if CPE support it and band 42&43 if not support band 48. CPE 8000 : No change on configuration on scanning/ cell lock.

 ENBs will stop transmission after 4 to 5 minutes because CBRS standard has TransmitExpireTime with a value of 4 minutes. BreezeView will raise alarms, the System will recovery automatically after connectivity between BreezeView and SAS was recover. 

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